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What is an antacid?

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An antacid is a solution that neutralizes stomach acidity caused by bad food habits, irregular consumption of food, oily/junk food etc.

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How do antacids work?

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Antacids work by neutralizing excess acid in our stomach. API (active pharmaceutical ingredients) in antacid is strong base (alkalis) which are the opposite of acids. A reaction between an acid and base is called neutralization. This helps to relieve the pain associated with burning sensation in acid reflux.

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What causes heartburn or acidity?

Acidity happens when the stomach produces more acids than required for the digestion of food.

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What anatomical factors can contribute for acidity in your body?

The parietal cells and pepsin, a proteolytic enzyme can contribute for acidity in your body.

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How your parietal cells cause acidity in your body?

The parietal cells in your body are responsible for acid secretion in the body. These parietal cells consist of tubulovesicular pumps at the apical position, which contains H-K pump that is responsible for acid secretion in the body.
This H-K pump causes gastric acid secretion by extrusion of the H+ion into the lumen of the gastric gland in exchange with k+ ion and combines the H+ ion with Cl-ion in your body. Therefore, finally ends up you with the secretion of HCl or gastric acid in your body.
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How pepsin results in acidity in your body?

If, your lower esophageal sphincter becomes ineffective, then the proteolytic enzyme pepsin plays a role in the development of the reflux esophagitis, a condition in your body which makes excessive exposure of your epithelial lining to gastric acids and causes an injury to the protective lining of the stomach and the intestine and leads to peptic ulcers in your body.
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Which diseases make your body more acidic?

Diseases make your body more acidic by affecting your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum.
Some of the acidity underlying diseases are:
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
  • Peptic Ulcer Disease
    • Gastric Ulcer disease
    • Duodenal Ulcer disease
  • Ulcers due to Helicobacter pyroli infection
  • Stress-Related mucosal disease
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What is Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which your stomach contents leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus. This can irritate the esophagus and cause heartburn and other symptoms of acidity.

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What is Acid Reflux?

Acid reflux is a condition in which stomach acids rise up into the esophagus.

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What is Heartburn?

Heartburn is the burning sensation which an individual experiences in the chest.

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What is ANC?

Acid Neutralizing Capacity. Higher the ANC faster it works. ANC of Polycrol+ Xtra strong is 16 which is 33% (approx) more than regular antacids.

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How is ANC measured?

ANC is measured by Acid base titration method in the analytical laboratory.

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What is Reflux Guard?

Polycrol+ contains Sodium alginate ingredient which creates a raft in the stomach and helps preventing acid reflux.

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What should be the dosage?

2 teaspoonfuls (10ml) after meals or at bedtime or as advised by your physician.

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What are the causes of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in you?

Generally, when you eat, food passes from your throat to the stomach through the esophagus. During digestion process, a ring of muscle fibers in the lower esophagus prevents swallowed food from refluxing back. When this ring of muscle fibers does not close all the way, stomach contents can leak back into the esophagus. This will finally ends up you with gastroesophageal Reflux disease.

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What are Peptic Ulcer Diseases?

Peptic Ulcer Diseases are the ulcers in the protective lining of the stomach or duodenum.

When the ulcer is in your stomach, it is called as a gastric ulcer.
When the ulcer is in your duodenum, it is called as a duodenal ulcer.

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What causes gastric and duodenal ulcers in you?

Generally, the stomach and duodenal lining in your body protects the stomach and duodenum from harmful effects of strong Hydrochloric acid in the body. If, this lining in your body stops working, the digestive system cannot defend itself against the digestive action of the pepsin and finally creates acidic environment in your body.

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What is an ulcer due to Helicobacter pyroli infection?

You may be surprised to know that most of the ulcers nearly 80 percent of gastric ulcers and 90 percent of duodenal ulcers develop as a result of infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori).

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How the Helicobacter pyroli develops ulcer in you?

The bacterium damages the mucous coating that protects the stomach and duodenum. Damage to the mucous coating allows powerful stomach acid to get through to the sensitive lining beneath. Therefore, the combined effect of the stomach acid and H. pylori irritate the lining of your stomach or duodenum and cause an ulcer.

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What are Stress-Related mucosal diseases?

Stress-Related mucosal diseases are most commonly seen in critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) but not in common people. These diseases range from stress-related injury like superficial mucosal damage to stress ulcers, which is damage to focal deep mucosal damage. The mucosal ischemia in the critically ill patients results in stress ulcers.

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How your food causes acidity in you?

If you consume more coffee, then you may become susceptible to ulcer formation in the body. Both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffees have the potential to enhance the acid-stimulating effect in the body, and therefore it is recommended that people with ulcers restrict not only caffeinated but also decaffeinated coffee intake. (Boekema PJ1, Samsom M, van Berge Henegouwen GP, Smout AJ. Coffee and gastrointestinal function: facts and fiction. A review. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl. 1999;230:35-9.)

Q. If you use these medications regularly, then you may experience acidity or heartburn:

Ibuprofen products are the popular pain killer medications that can increase acid production in the stomach.
Bone-strengthening drugs:
The people with Osteoporosis generally use bone-strengthening drugs. Some medications such as those containing alendronate, ibandronate and risedronate often cause heartburn.
Blood pressure lowering drugs:
If you are hypertensive, your hypertensive medications can make you acidic. The Hypertensive medications such as calcium channel blockers and beta blockers can provoke heartburn by relaxing the lower oesophageal sphincter, which can allow stomach acid to enter into the oesophagus.
Aspirin have the potential to inhibit the prostaglandins formation, which have a protective effect on the digestive tract, enhances the acid production in the stomach and therefore contributes for acidity in your body. More importantly, Aspirin is also known to have a damaging effect on the mucosal lining. This damage makes the lining more susceptible to acid.
Sleeping pills and sedatives:
If you regularly take your sleeping pills for your sound sleep, these makes you sleep well but adds acidity to your body. Medications such as valium (diazepam) relieves anxiety and help you relax, unfortunately, also relax your esophageal sphincter, which may lead to heartburn.

Q. What foods can relieve acidity?

First, have a look at the foods, which can be consumed to relieve acidity.
Consume 8 to 10 glasses of water daily. It helps in relieving symptoms like distended stomach and acidity.
Among fruits, bananas and melons do not cause acidity. To prevent acidity consume a banana daily.
Green beans, cauliflower, and root vegetables like potatoes do not cause acidity. Try to bake or boil the vegetables and avoid deep-fried preparations.
Have a slice of white bread regularly. It soaks up the acid in our stomach and thus helps to stop or prevent acidity.
Consume ginger in moderate and balanced quantities regularly to prevent acidity.
Sleeping pills and sedatives:
If you regularly take your sleeping pills for your sound sleep, these makes you sleep well but adds acidity to your body. Medications such as valium (diazepam) relieves anxiety and help you relax, unfortunately, also relax your esophageal sphincter, which may lead to heartburn.
Complex carbohydrates:
A complex carbohydrate is a good carbohydrate to combat acidity. Complex carbohydrates such as semolina wheat and brown rice can be consumed to reduce acidity.
Mint and Tulsi leaves:
Chew some leaves of Tulsi daily to decrease the acidity. It gives relief from nausea, burning sensation and gas. Chop the mint leaves, boil in a cup of water, and have it after a meal.
Cold milk and vanilla ice cream:
Have a cup of cold milk or vanilla ice cream to obtain relief from acidity.
Coconut water:
Have coconut water 4 – 5 times a day under the conditions of acidity. It gives an immediate relief for symptoms like the acidity and the heartburn.
Low fat cheese:
Always say no to high-fat foods. Prefer low-fat dairy items like low-fat cheese and milk.

Q. What food cause acidity?

Several researchers agree that dealing with stomach acidity is possible by avoiding certain foods. These foods include:
Spicy foods:
Try to avoid overly spicy foods. Spices are usually a combination of acids and thus when it is introduced into the stomach, which already has acidic contents, starts damaging the walls of the stomach.
Citrus fruits:
Citrus fruits like oranges, grapes, and lemons trigger acidic conditions in the stomach. If you have acidity problem try to stay away from citrus fruits.
Fried foods:
Avoid eating foods that has been deep-fried in oil, like French fries. These foods have trans-fats that cause the digestive juices to move back up the esophagus.
Coffee stimulates gastric acid secretion. If you are suffering from acidity problem, try to cut out coffee from your diet.
Try to avoid alcohol as it stimulates acid secretion in the stomach leading to acidity.
Tomatoes are acidic in nature. So try to avoid consumption of tomatoes when you are suffering from acidity.
Onions stimulate acid secretion. Try to avoid onion intake especially raw onions
If you are often suffering from acidity then avoid chocolates. Chocolates contain caffeine that stimulates acid secretion leading to acidity.
Carbonated drinks:
If you have acidity problems, stay away from carbonated drinks. These drinks increase pressure levels in the stomach, which in turn increases the acidic response.
High-fat meats:
High-fat meats stimulate acid secretion in the stomach. So try to avoid high-fat meat intake as much as possible.

Q. How can I ward off acidity naturally?

Acidity can be warded off naturally through watchful eating. Some examples given below are very easy and equally applicable in daily life.
Drink a glass of lukewarm lemon juice on an empty stomach; it helps the body to maintain acidic levels naturally.
Drink lukewarm water every day, it helps in eliminating the excess acid and unwanted material.
Drink coconut water daily to reduce acidity.
Opt for herbal teas such as ginger tea, chamomile tea instead of coffee.
Drink fat free cold milk without adding sugar for instant relief from burning sensation of acidity.
Drumsticks, beans, cabbage, spring onions, cauliflower, broccoli, and all green vegetables are great foods for acid reflux. Pumpkin and carrot also reduces acidity.
Overripe banana is an effective acidity reliever. Banana speeds the digestion and reduces further acidity. Include banana, papaya, watermelon, apple, and cucumber in your diet. Watermelon juice works well in curing acidity.
Oatmeal contains high fiber that fights acidity. Avoiding breakfast may result in acidity. Have oatmeal as your breakfast.
Add ginger in your food.
Include beans in your daily diet.
Use applesauce for salad dressings.
Prefer low-acidic high fiber brown rice.
Eat egg white, skinless chicken, and fish.
Garlic promotes the growth of health bacteria in the stomach and reduces the acid levels in the stomach. It prevents acid reflux and heartburn, which are the symptoms of acidity.
Turmeric contains curcumin, which has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. It neutralizes the acid produced in the stomach and prevents the risk of acidity.
Anise has carminative property and prevents the formation of gas in the stomach. It prevents colic pain associated with heartburn.
Cardamom promotes digestion and reduces gastric acid production.
Caraway helps to prevent gastric reflux and heartburn by preventing indigestion.
It promotes digestion and prevents gastric reflux and nausea.
It decreases acid production in the stomach and soothes the digestive tract. It helps to prevent irritation caused due to gastric reflex.
Flax seeds:
Flax seed powder is a good remedy to reduce heartburn. It contains fiber and omega 3 fatty acid levels that decrease cholesterol levels in the blood and prevents indigestion. It is a good remedy to prevent gastric reflex and heartburn.
Cumin has antacid property and prevents acidity. It promotes digestion and prevents nausea.
It is a dried latex, which has anti-inflammatory and laxative property. It prevents flatulence, gastric acid production, and symptoms of acidity.
Home remedies:
Eat basil (Tulsi) leaves after your meals to get instant relief from acidity.
Drink cinnamon tea or add cinnamon powder to your soup or salads.
Mix a pinch of black pepper powder or one spoon of coriander juice in buttermilk and drink.
Chew one piece of clove thoroughly to reduce acidity.
Fennel (Saunf) helps in healing acidity.
Chew jeera or boil it in water and drink it after cooling down.
Nuts such as almonds (badam), dried figs (anjeer) and raisins (kishmish) reduce burning sensation in stomach.
Drink ginger tea or use ginger in meals, it provides better digestion.
Eat an apple as an afternoon snack to keep the stomach free of acid.
Crush cardamom, boil the powder in water and drink after cooling for an instant relief from acidity.
Chew mint (pudina) leaves, its cooling effect reduces pain and burning sensation associated with acidic reflux.
Have one spoon of amla powder to keep acidity away.
Suck on a piece of jaggery after each meal.
Mix two teaspoons of apple cider vinegar and honey, drink before meals.
Chew a sugar free chewing gum, it helps to neutralize the acids.
Drink a glass of cabbage juice to balance the stomach acids.
Consume mustard, it helps to neutralize the pain of acidity.
Drink aloevera juice before meals if you have acid reflux.
Sleep on your left side or elevate the head of the bed if you cannot sleep due to aciditygarlic
To be avoided:
Pickles, spicy food, and french-fries
Tomatoes, onions and cheese
Fried fatty, junk food
Cigarettes, alcohol and aerated drinks
Sweets, chocolates, caffeine and butter
Carbonated beverages such as soda
Refined sugar and carbohydrates
Citrus fruits and juices
Tomato sauce
Fish oil supplements
Midnight snacks
Salad dressings with oil, cream and vinegar
Peppermint tea and candies
Deep fried chicken
Tight fitting clothes and tight belts
Red chillies, Black peppers, Dry Ginger, Cinnamon
Dietary guidelines:
Eat frequent small meals throughout the day.
Have your last meal atleast two to three hours before sleep.
Make sure to drink atleast 8 glasses of water every day.
Eat more fresh vegetables, whole grains and fish.
Sleep 7-9 hours per day.
Elevate your head about 6 inches during the sleep.
Maintain the right body weight to control acidity. Excess abdominal fat may cause acidity. Follow diet and exercise program to cut the extra weight. Wait atleast 2hours after meals to start an exercise. Drink plenty of water after the exercise.
Stress is the common trigger for acid reflux. Deep breathing, meditation, yoga, or just a long walk helps you to calm down and decreases stress and anxiety.
Some drugs may cause acidity. Notify to the doctor while undergoing any treatment if you have acidity. Usage of over the counter drugs such as NSAIDS should be minimized.

Q. What methods Of Cooking can Help Prevent Acidity?

Add a pinch of fruit salt or baking soda to your food while cooking. Fruit salt and baking soda contains sodium bicarbonate that neutralizes the excess acid produced in the stomach and prevents acidity.
Avoid overcooking or frying the food. Overcooking and frying the food may decrease the moisture content in the foods and makes the food dry. The dry food increases acid production and causes acidity. So, add some amount of water while cooking the food to retain moisture content in food. While cooking meat, cook the meat and gravy separately. Then add the meat to the gravy before serving. This prevents the meat to absorb the juices and acids secreted by the spices in the gravy.
Use protein rich food like peas, tofu, eggs, yogurt, and soya milk in your cooking. These foods have low acid levels and do not cause acidity.
Soak beans, peas, chickpeas, kidney beans (Rajma) and other pulses for whole night before cooking. This method helps to reduce the phytic acid present in these pulses and enhances their nutrient value.
Avoid adding excess vinegar to the food. As vinegar contains acetic acid, it can enhance the acid levels in the stomach.
Use extra virgin olive oil for cooking. It has less fat and acid levels.
Use fruits such as apple, mangoes and banana to make fruit salad, custard and desserts. These fruits contain fewer amounts of acids and do not cause acidity.
Use less onion in cooking because it contains high levels of acid and increases the risk of acidity.
Serve brown rice with pulses and other foods rich in phytic acid. Brown rice decreases phytic acid levels in the stomach and reduces acidity. However, it is recommended to soak brown rice in water for whole night before cooking for better results.
Add excess water or sugar to the limejuice. It helps to reduce the citric acid levels in the limejuice and prevents acidity.
Cook acidic vegetables, such as tomatoes in low flame for a long time to reduce their acid level.
Consider using less oil and spices to enjoy the natural flavor of the vegetables. It also helps to reduce the acid levels and prevents acidity.